Firstly, let me say that it is a pleasure to be here once again to present the award. I hope all of you remember all the wonderful things you've learned last year during the International Year of Physics. Not only have you all heard of E=mc2, but you now know what it means... it relates the energy E of an object of mass m and the speed of light c, which is 300,000 km/s. In a moment I will give you an example of just how much energy this can generate.
     Last year we were awarded a $10M research grant by the Australian Research Council to establish The Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies. The experimental work will be done at the ANU, Griffith, Flinders, and here at UWA, with Murdoch providing the theoretical support. I am the deputy director of the Centre. Who has heard of Antimatter? The antiparticle of an electron is called a positron. What happens when Antimatter and Matter collide? The masses of antimatter and matter get converted to pure energy via E=mc2. One controversial suggestion before NASA is to create a new rocket engine based on positron-electron annihilation to replace the troublesome solid fuel rockets of the space shuttle. In one miligram of positrons annihilating with electrons there is enough energy to lift a 1 MT space vehicle 300 km above the Earth's surface. The question is where do you get a miligram of antimatter from?
     Our research is less controversial and ranges from pure science through to material and medical applications. Many of you would have heard of PET scans. PET stands for Positron Emission Tomography. Using positron-electron annihilation cancerous tissue can be detected in our bodies. All of our major hospitals are equipped with such machines and using fundamental physics it is our task, amongst many others, to improve the resolution of such scans.
     This prize, for the best year-eleven physics student, was initiated by the physicists at Murdoch to encourage you to consider further study in physics and the nanosciences, necessary if you want to be a part of the ongoing nanoscale technological revolution. To entice you further our best starting students are offered tax-free $4,000 scholarships and will get the opportunity to be a part of the current research from the outset. It gives me great pleasure to award the prize, which is Bill Bryson's book A Short History of Nearly Everything, to the best year-eleven physics student of 2005, ...

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